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WHO WAS HERNAN CORTES?

"Hernan Cortes and Monteczuma at Mexican Temple" - Scene from the frieze decorating the United States Capitol. Painted sometime between 1878 and 1880 by Constantino Brumidi.

EXCERPT AND LINK FROM VIRTUALOLOGY.COM: "CORTES, Hernan, or Hernando, soldier, born in Medellin, Province of Estremadura, Spain, in 1485 died near Seville, 2 Dec., 1547. His parents, Martin Cortes and Catalina Pizarro Altamirano, were both of good family, but in reduced circumstances. He was a sickly child, and at the age of fourteen was sent to the University of Salamanca, but returned home two years later without leave. He then determined upon a life of adventure, and arranged to accompany Nicolas de Ovando, likewise a native of Estremadura, who was about to sail for Santo Domingo to supersede Bobadilla in his command. An accident that happened to him in a love adventure detained him at home, and the expedition sailed without him." -

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EXCERPT AND LINK FROM HISPANOS FAMOSOS at http://thinkquest.org: " Hernán Cortés was a Spanish explorer who is famous mainly for his march across Mexico and his conquering of the Aztec Empire in Mexico.

Cortés was born in the Spanish city of Medellín in 1485. When he was a young man, he studied law, but he soon gave that up to seek his fortune in the New World that was just being discovered by Columbus and others." -

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New World Image engraving

plates from the 1500's

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New World Image engraving plates from the 1500's

Here's a great pictorial resource at http://floridahistory.com with numerous engraving plates depicting The World in the 1500's with Hernan Cortes and the Aztecs during various historical happenings. -

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When Hernan Cortes is first seen by the Aztecs they immediately bow down in reverence thinking he is their god Quetzalcoatl.

Original large Native American Conquest Map.

EXCERPT AND LINK FROM HISPANOS FAMOSOS at http://coloquio.com: " Hernán Cortés(1485-1547), Conqueror, Spain - Conqueror of Mexico, born at Medellin in Spain c. 1485; died at Castilleja de la Cuesta near Seville, 2 December, 1547.

 

He was married first to Catalina Xuares, from which marriage there was no issue, and, after her death, to Doña Juana de Zuñiga, niece of the Duke of Bejar. From this union there sprang four children, one son (Martín) and three daughters. His parents were Martín Cortés de Monroy and Catalina Pizarro Altamirano, both of honourable extraction, belonging to the middle class of nobility, but not wealthy." -

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EXCERPT AND LINK at http://pbs.org: " HERNAN ARRIVES IN MEXICO It is spring, 1519. A Spanish expedition consisting of 11 ships is setting sail westward in hopes of expanding the Empire. News had reached Velasquez, the governor of Cuba, that some of his men had found land past the oceanic horizon where the sun sets.

Velasquez appointed Hernan Cortés as Captain-General of the Armada and sent him off to follow the rumor.  Cortes may not have been the most qualified to lead the expedition. Though he was experienced and renowned for his courage, another reason for his appointment was his promise to help finance the expedition. Cortes emptied his personal wealth and poured it into the trip. He mortgaged his lands. He called on friends to both help prepare for the trip and to join his small army." - CLICK LINK FOR SOURCE

EXCERPT AND LINK at http://pbs.org: " He moved to Cuba in 1509 and in 1511 he agreed to help Diego Velazquez in the Spanish conquest of Cuba. In battles there, he proved to be a capable, brave soldier. In return, Governor Velazquez rewarded Cortes for his service by giving him an even larger grant of land and more Indian slaves.

 

When news arrived about the Mayan Civilization on the Yucatan peninsula and the fact that explorers had found treasures of silver and gold there, the atmosphere in Cuba became more and more like a "Gold Rush." Governor Velazquez decided to send an expedition to Yucatan. On October 23, 1518 he chose Cortes as its commanding officer." -

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EXCERPT AND LINK at http://libweb.hawaii.edu: " BIBLIOTECA DEL NIÑO MEXICANO, por Heriberto Frias, Mexico, Maucci. In 1900 Maucci Brothers, a Spanish publisher, commissioned Posada to illustrate a series of pamphlets for children on the history of Mexico. Each pamphlet measuring 4 3/4 x 3 1/4 in. is approximately 16 pages. The cover illustrations are probably the only mechanically produced chromolithographs that Posada ever did. - CLICK LINK FOR SOURCE

COPYRIGHT 2009 HERNAN CORTES — ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

Hernan Cortés

The Conquistador of the Aztec Empire

 

Link and informational SITE about Hernan Cortes the Conquistador of an empire and the New World that was brought about after his reign over "Los Aztecas de Mejico" - The Aztecs of Mexico. Contact this SITE at HERNAN at CORTES dot COM.

José Guadalupe Posada:

 

The Jean Charlot Collection,

University of Hawaii Library

HISTORY

EXCERPT AND LINK FROM ENCHANTED LEARNING: “Cortes sailed with 11 ships from Cuba to the Yucatan Peninsula to look for gold, silver, and other treasures. Hearing rumors of great riches, Cortés traveled inland and "discovered" Tenochtitlan, the capital of the Aztec empire. He then brutally killed the Aztec emperor Montezuma and conquered his Aztec Empire of Mexico, claiming all of Mexico for Spain in 1521. Treasures from the Aztecs were brought to Spain, and Cortés was a hero in his homeland. Cortés was appointed governor of the colony of New Spain, but eventually fell out of favor with the royals. He then returned to Spain where he died a few years later.” -  CLICK LINK FOR SOURCE

THE ROUTE OF CORTES

EXCERPT FROM MEXICO WEB FACTS: Place of encounter of Montezuma Xocoyotzin and the Spanish Conquistador Hernan Cortes on the 8 day of November 1519.  When Cortés returned to the palace, however, he found that Alvarado and his men had massacred the Aztec nobility and the survivors had elected a new emperor, Cuitláhuac. Cuitláhuac ordered his soldiers to besiege the palace housing the Spaniards and Monteczuma. Cortés ordered Monteczuma to speak to his people from a palace balcony and persuade them to let the Spanish return to the coast in peace. Monteczuma was jeered and stones were thrown at him injuring him badly, and Monteczuma died a few days later.  - 

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CORTES DEFEATS MONTECZUMA