EXCERPT FROM THE LIFE OF HERNAN CORTES
“”When I saw the discord and animosity between these two peoples I was not a little pleased, for it seemed to further my purpose considerably; consequently I might have the opportunity of subduing them more quickly, for as the saying goes, “divided they fall”…And I remember that one of the Gospels says, “Omne regnum….” So I maneuvered one against the other and thanked each side for their warnings and told each that I held his friendship to be of more worth than the other’s”(Hernan cortes).. . (http://hernancortesnhd.weebly.com/the-life-of-cortes.html)”
“Castilleja de la Cuesta, Seville, Spain. 2nd December 1547. Hernan Cortes died at the Duques de Montpensier Palace. One of his horses, bringed back from México, was buried at the gardens of the Palace. Today, that Palace is Las Irlandesas School, and the stone is still there
“MEXICO CITY.- A linen that protected for more than a century the remains of Spanish conquistador Hernan Cortes was restored by specialists from the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) of Mexico. This piece, elaborated with white linen and black silk embroidery, belongs to the National Museum of History (MNH) of Mexico, at Castillo de Chapultepec.
The linen, used during the funeral rites of the osseous remains of Cortes, was intervened as part of the systematic conservation project made by the museum to celebrate their 70th anniversary. The attention to the textile was made in collaboration with the students from the School of Conservation and Restoration of the West (ECRO). (http://artdaily.com/news/74640/Linen-that-protected-Spanish-conquistador-Hernan-Cortes–remains-restored-by-specialists#.VmUbvb91-fg)”
“MEXICO WEB FACTS: Place of encounter of Montezuma Xocoyotzin and the Spanish Conquistador Hernan Cortes on the 8 day of November 1519. When Cortés returned to the palace, however, he found that Alvarado and his men had massacred the Aztec nobility and the survivors had elected a new emperor, Cuitláhuac. Cuitláhuac ordered his soldiers to besiege the palace housing the Spaniards and Monteczuma. Cortés ordered Monteczuma to speak to his people from a palace balcony and persuade them to let the Spanish return to the coast in peace. Monteczuma was jeered and stones were thrown at him injuring him badly, and Monteczuma died a few days later. (http://www.sheppardsoftware.com/Mexicoweb/factfile/Unique-facts-Mexico7.htm)”
“CORTES, HERNAN – Hernán Cortés (also spelled Cortez), Marqués Del Valle De Oaxaca (1485-1547) was a Spanish adventurer and conquistador (he was also a failed law student) who overthrew the Aztec empire and claimed Mexico for Spain (1519-21).
Cortes sailed with 11 ships from Cuba to the Yucatan Peninsula to look for gold, silver, and other treasures. Hearing rumors of great riches, Cortés traveled inland and “discovered” Tenochtitlan, the capital of the Aztec empire. He then brutally killed the Aztec emperor Montezuma and conquered his Aztec Empire of Mexico, claiming all of Mexico for Spain in 1521. Treasures from the Aztecs were brought to Spain, and Cortés was a hero in his homeland. Cortés was appointed governor of the colony of New Spain, but eventually fell out of favor with the royals. He then returned to Spain where he died a few years later. (http://www.enchantedlearning.com/explorers/1500a.shtml)”
INTERACTIVE SCRIBBLE MAP: (http://www.scribblemaps.com/maps/view/Hernan_Cortes_/0PpODKLYJn)
MAP STORY: http://mapstory.org/maps/1006?limit=100&offset=0&is_published
MAP OF CORTES (PDF): http://lanic.utexas.edu/project/etext/llilas/outreach/fulbright06/fernandez/Fernandez_CortesRoute.pdf
“José Guadalupe Posada: The Jean Charlot Collection, University of Hawaii Library
EXCERPT AND LINK at http://scholarspace.manoa.hawaii.edu/handle/10125/34302: ” BIBLIOTECA DEL NIÑO MEXICANO, por Heriberto Frias, Mexico, Maucci. In 1900 Maucci Brothers, a Spanish publisher, commissioned Posada to illustrate a series of pamphlets for children on the history of Mexico. Each pamphlet measuring 4 3/4 x 3 1/4 in. is approximately 16 pages. The cover illustrations are probably the only mechanically produced chromolithographs that Posada ever did.
In 1921 the artist Jean Charlot, working as a muralist in Mexico City, encountered the broadsides of José Guadalupe Posada. Charlot’s enthusiasm for Posada resulted in the assembly of an extensive personal collection of his art. In 1900 the Maucci Brothers, a Spanish publisher, commissioned Posada to illustrate a series of pamphlets for children on the history of Mexico. The cover illustrations are probably the only mechanically produced chromolithographs that Posada ever did.
To view larger images of the covers and to download a high resolution image file of the cover go to http://digicoll.manoa.hawaii.edu/jeancharlot/”
“Hernán Cortés – (1485-1547), Conqueror, Spain
Conqueror of Mexico, born at Medellin in Spain c. 1485; died at Castilleja de la Cuesta near Seville, 2 December, 1547.
He was married first to Catalina Xuares, from which marriage there was no issue, and, after her death, to Doña Juana de Zuñiga, niece of the Duke of Bejar. From this union there sprang four children, one son (Martín) and three daughters. His parents were Martín Cortés de Monroy and Catalina Pizarro Altamirano, both of honourable extraction, belonging to the middle class of nobility, but not wealthy. ” (http://coloquio.com/famosos/cortes.htm)
“HERNÁN CORTÉS (1485-1547)
Hernán Cortés was a Spanish explorer who is famous mainly for his march across Mexico and his conquering of the Aztec Empire in Mexico.
Cortés was born in the Spanish city of Medellín in 1485. When he was a young man, he studied law, but he soon gave that up to seek his fortune in the New World that was just being discovered by Columbus and others.
First he went to the island of Santo Domingo (now known as the Dominican Republic) in 1504. He was only 19 years old at the time. He stayed there for seven years, then took part in the Spanish conquest of Cuba in 1511. He became mayor of Santiago de Cuba and stayed there until 1518.
Cortés was eager for more power and conquests, so he talked the Spanish governor of Cuba into letting him lead an expedition to Mexico in 1519. Mexico had just been discovered by the Spanish explorer de Córdoba a year before.”
Scene from the frieze decorating the United States Capitol. Painted sometime between 1878 and 1880 by Constantino Brumidi.
EXCERPT AND LINK FROM VIRTUALOLOGY.COM: “CORTES, Hernan, or Hernando, soldier, born in Medellin, Province of Estremadura, Spain, in 1485 died near Seville, 2 Dec., 1547. His parents, Martin Cortes and Catalina Pizarro Altamirano, were both of good family, but in reduced circumstances. He was a sickly child, and at the age of fourteen was sent to the University of Salamanca, but returned home two years later without leave. He then determined upon a life of adventure, and arranged to accompany Nicolas de Ovando, likewise a native of Estremadura, who was about to sail for Santo Domingo to supersede Bobadilla in his command. An accident that happened to him in a love adventure detained him at home, and the expedition sailed without him.” –
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Excerpt From WIKI:
“Hernán Cortés de Monroy y Pizarro, 1st Marquis of the Valley of Oaxaca (Spanish pronunciation: [erˈnaŋ korˈtes ðe monˈroj i piˈθaro]; 1485 – December 2, 1547) was a Spanish Conquistador who led an expedition that caused the fall of the Aztec Empire and brought large portions of mainland Mexico under the rule of the King of Castile in the early 16th century. Cortés was part of the generation of Spanish colonizers who began the first phase of the Spanish colonization of the Americas.
Born in Medellín, Spain, to a family of lesser nobility, Cortés chose to pursue a livelihood in the New World. He went to Hispaniola and later to Cuba, where he received an encomienda and, for a short time, became alcalde (magistrate) of the second Spanish town founded on the island. In 1519, he was elected captain of the third expedition to the mainland, an expedition which he partly funded. His enmity with the Governor of Cuba, Diego Velázquez de Cuéllar, resulted in the recall of the expedition at the last moment, an order which Cortés ignored.“- (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hernan_Cortes)